The numbers one through nine are spelled out; 10 and beyond are represented by numerals. The exception is in recipes, where only numerals are used.
Spell out first through ninth when they indicate sequence in time or location:first base, the First Amendment; he was the first in line
Use 1st, 2nd, 3rd, when the sequence is assigned in forming names:The 1st Annual High School Recipe Contest; 1st Sgt.; 2nd Fleet
Use a comma or commas with numbers that have four or more digits:1,500; 25,000; 327,980.
Very large numbers should be expressed with a figure and word:450 million.
Do not begin a sentence with numerals. Spell out the number.Twenty-five students participated in the book drive.
All numbers in headlines are written as numerals.20 High School Finalists Vie for Chef of the Year.
Use “more than” instead of “over” when referring to numbers.JWU’s National High School Chef of the Year competition awards more than $900,000 in scholarships to future JWU culinary students.
Fractions Fractions of amounts less than one are spelled out when used in a sentence. Numbers in spelled fractions are separated by a hyphen:two-thirds; one-half; three-fifths
Use numerals for precise amounts greater than one:3½
Monetary AmountsUse these examples when writing monetary amounts:5 cents$1.05$650,000$2.45 million
Page Numbers Use figures and capitalize page when used with a figure:Page 1, Page 250, Page 300
Percent Percent should be spelled out when used in text. The symbol is acceptable in charts and other graphic designs.JWU students take approximately 33 percent of all their credits in arts and sciences.
Phone NumbersUse hyphens between the area code, the first three digits and the last four digits:401-598-5555.
A “1” should not precede the area code.
Years Years are the lone exception to the general rule that a figure is not used to start a sentence.2014 marks JWU’s 100th birthday.
See the Dates section for more information.